Middle East Journal of Applied Science & Technology

Volume 7 Issue 1 January-March 2024

Current Issue

Research Article

Further Discussion on SML and LD (Land Development) in Thailand and Vietnam Agriculture with Productivity Recommendations

Pham Anh Dung, PhD, Dinh Tran Ngoc Huy, Le Ngoc Nuong, PhD, Nguyen Thu Thuy, PhD & Dinh Tran Ngoc Hien, BSc

Page No. 01-07

 Abstract: Recently, Interest and intention for farming of farmers are the key factors of adoption SLM practices. On the other hand, economic, environmental and social factors have been changed farmers’ livelihood and the way they farm by generating 3 main characteristics of farm structure and farm management practices as mentioned above. These findings lead to a number of policy recommendations for increasing SLMs adoption rate of the region and/or the country. We highlight the essence of the effectiveness of agricultural extension system as a fundamental base of SLMs implementation. And LDD is the principal key agency to conserve and rehabilitate land resource. Besides that, the agricultural sector needs restructuring, in response to the changing in farm structure and management practices. This needs policies to increase the agricultural labor force and increasing efficiency of SLMs practices, and developing standard SLM practices model of consult and farmer’s model is required for being a model of learning for many farmers.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.46431/MEJAST.2024.7101

Review Article

Operating Theatre Personnel and Their Roles in Patient Safety

Mr. Mudasir Mohi ud din & Ms. Piyush Yadav

Page No. 08-12

 Abstract: This study examines the roles of various operating theatre personnel in patient safety, focusing on surgeons, operating room nurses, paramedical staff, teamwork and communication, and patient safety culture. The study highlights the importance of effective teamwork, communication, and a strong patient safety culture in ensuring the best possible surgical outcomes and preventing adverse events. The study also explores the use of technology, such as non-invasive monitoring platforms, to improve patient safety in the operating theatre.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.46431/MEJAST.2024.7102

Research Article

Biological activity of the products of interaction of mustard gas with human skin tissues

Stefano Turini

Page No. 13-103

 Abstract: Sulfur mustard (SM), commonly known as mustard gas, represents a highly potent vesicant and chemical warfare agent with a long history of inflicting severe cutaneous injuries. This thesis delves into the intricate and multifaceted realm of the biological activities exhibited by the products arising from the interaction of mustard gas with human skin tissues, with a particular emphasis on elucidating the underlying biochemical mechanisms. Our investigative approach comprises a sophisticated integration of cutting-edge analytical techniques, driven by a relentless pursuit of precision in understanding this complex toxicological interplay. High-resolution mass spectrometry, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) have been meticulously employed to meticulously identify, characterize, and quantify the diverse chemical intermediates and end products formed during the interaction between mustard gas and human skin tissues. By doing so, we aim to establish a comprehensive and definitive chemical profile of the interaction products. (Read more)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.46431/MEJAST.2024.7103

Research Article

Adaptation and Performance Evaluation of Engine-Driven Coffee De-Huller

Abayineh Awgichew & Rabira Nuguse

Page No. 104-114

 Abstract: A simple and low-cost de-huller powered by a 5-horsepower diesel engine that can be used to de-hull dry coffee materials was adapted. The coffee de-huller machine was evaluated at different drum and feeding rates on the farm. The results obtained show that the de-hulling efficiency, percentage of breakage, and cleaning efficiency increased as the drum speed increased between 400 and 600 rpm. The highest averages of de-hulling efficiency, cleaning efficiency, percentage of breakage, and capacity were 97.34%, 98.77%, 3.18%, and 358.7 kg/hr, respectively. High de-hulling and cleaning efficiencies and a low percentage of breakage obtained show that the machine is very appropriate for handling coffee processing.

DOI: Under Assignment

Review Article

An Introductory Review on Nanoparticles Based Treatment of Cancer

Nimra Hanif, Muzamal Hussain, Muhammad Asif Raheem, Tasmiya Kamran, Aaroj Malik & Mahrukh Siddiqui

Page No. 115-130

 Abstract: Cancer is a malignant disease that is the leading cause of death globally. Different prevention and treatment techniques are used to combat such a disease with one of the highest prevalence rates. These include medicine, surgery, conventional chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and some targeted therapies. All these treatments and remedies have proved useful for the results and survival probabilities; however, they have some primary limitations. These limitations, such as multi-drug resistance and non-selective tissue toxicity in drug delivery, sometimes do more harm than healing. To reshape healthcare strategies for cancer, nanotherapeutics is one of the emerging techniques under high experimentation with the least toxic harm observed so far. Nanotherapeutics gives a brand-new frontier for cancer treatment. Nanotechnology has raised the bar by delivering the targeted drug with nano-carriers, effective tumor-targeting nanoparticles, nano-biosensors, and nanomedicines without failure. Advancements in nano-therapeutics have imparted a new horizon through multifaceted applications of nanoparticle usage in nanotechnology. There are also some challenges for modified and functionalized nanomaterials, such as making the correct formulations, enhancing localization, increasing rates of biodistribution, and biocompatibility. Furthermore, this enhanced imaging capacity for cancer diagnosis can be further translated to targeted therapies resulting from these material characteristics. This review summarizes the potential usage of nanoparticles by highlighting their role in targeted drug and gene delivery alongside their vital role in cancer treatment through nano-therapeutics.

DOI: Under Assignment

Review Article

Male Circumcision: Weighing the Benefits and Risks

Mr. Mudasir Mohi ud din & Mr. Hilal Ahmad Bhat

Page No. 131-134

 Abstract: Circumcision is a widely practiced surgical procedure in males, with both advantages and disadvantages. This article provides an evidence-based overview of the clinical benefits and risks associated with male circumcision. The advantages include protection against HIV infection, penile carcinoma, urinary tract infections, and sexually transmitted infections. However, there are also potential disadvantages and ethical considerations, such as the risk of complications associated with the procedure and the debate surrounding the infringement of individual autonomy. It is essential to weigh the potential benefits against the risks when making an informed decision about male circumcision.

DOI: Under Assignment

Research Article

Development of Animal Feed Pellet Making Machine

Abayineh Awgichew & Rabira Nuguse

Page No. 135-145

 Abstract: The purpose of this study was to develop and conduct tests on a power-driven animal feed pellet manufacturing prototype for the production of animal feed. The pellet feed manufacturing machine included a hopper, a pelleting chamber, a pellet roll, a die plate, an exit, and a frame. It was propelled by a 3-hp electric motor. The machine's overall dimensions were 800mm*1170mm*560mm. It can make animal feed pellets with an average diameter of 10 mm, a length of 5-7 cm, and a weight of 1.78 g. On wheat-based feed components, the machine's actual pelleting capacity, throughput capacity, and pelleting efficiency improve from 60.2 to 64.6 kg/hr, 71.1 to 74.1kg/hr, and 84.67 to 87.18 of 57% as moisture content increases from 15 to 25%. As moisture content increases from 15 to 25%, un-pelleted feed ingredients reduce from 15.33 to 12.82% and 10 to 7% on wheat and maize-based feed ingredients, respectively.

DOI: Under Assignment